The dismantling of the caliphate and weakening of ISIS, or Daesh, does not cease the cycle of violent extremism. According to the Global Terrorism Index, the number of terrorist attacks decreased by 44% in 2018 but more than 60 countries still experience one fatal terrorist attack a year. The April 21 Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka claimed by ISIS and other persistent attacks on Afghan security forces, the Quetta market bombings in Pakistan reveal the pernicious and relentless nature of these extremists.Religion & the CVE Industry
Policymakers and counter-terrorism (CT) experts realize that a military approach to terrorism will not address the appeal that violent extremism holds for non-state actors. In the past 18 years, the combination of government CT funds, development aid contracts, and defense contracts produced a booming industry with the mission of confronting terrorism at its core. This new industry emphasizes a society-wide approach to addressing the drift toward extremist ideologies and the appeal of racial, religious and ethnic supremacy. Countering violent extremism (CVE) activities involve tackling radical ideologies by engaging a wide spectrum of stakeholders.