Reflecting on Conflict Sensitivity: an introduction to the International Network for Education in Emergencies’ (INEE) Reflection Tool for Designing and Implementing Conflict Sensitive Education Programmes in Conflict-Affected and Fragile Contexts

Education and conflict have a complex, deeply connected relationship. Conflict can disrupt educational systems, as has been the case in many contexts[1], and education itself can be a driver of conflict. Education can also be a driver of peaceful, transformative change, which is why it is so important that practitioners involved in education programming ensure that their programming is conflict sensitive. To be conflict sensitive is to ensure that programming takes into account the two-way interaction between programs and the context, such that the program activities minimize negative impacts and maximize positive ones on education outcomes, policies, and conflict programming[2]. Aconflict analysis is the critical first step in ensuring that education programming is conflict sensitive. However, for subsequent steps, the INEE Reflection Tool is a great resource.

The INEE Reflection Tool is a framing instrument that helps assess whether the most salient variables at each stage of the programming cycle have been engaged by guiding practitioners to consider probing questions such as: “Has engagement with key actors and variables been informed by the conflict dynamics?” And “Have programming decisions been made with consideration of how they may affect programs on conflict?”

The Reflection Tool can help practitioners:

  • Approach conflict dynamics from a previously unconsidered angle or reframe understandings of current dynamics;
  • Foster insight and complex learning;
  • Help track programmatic progress,
  • Establish and monitor accountability,
  • Identify blind spots,
  • Encourage proactive action, and
  • Organize and assign responsibilities.

The tool can help practitioners keep track of their use of conflict sensitive approaches in their programming, but it should be used by people who have a sound understanding of the project  cycle and a basic understanding of conflict sensitivity.

Access the tool here!

[1] INEE, 2013. INEE Guidance Note on Conflict Sensitive Education. Pg 8

[2] INEE, 2013. INEE Guidance Note on Conflict Sensitive Education. Pg 12

This post was originally published on April 13th, 2015 by Patrick Gregoire on the Education for Peacebuilding M&E community of practice. Visit us to learn more about the nexus of education and peacebuilding programming and access and share tools, findings, and methods to engage the challenges facing our fields. Make sure to visit our parent community,the DM&E for Peace portal for more resources on the peacebuilding and development field.  

Craig Zelizer

Craig Zelizer

Dr. Craig Zelizer is the Founder of PCDN.global, which connects a global community of changemakers to the tools, community and opportunities to build careers of impact and scale change. He has strong experience in the development sector, academia and social entrepreneurship. From 2005 to 2016 he served as a professor in the Conflict Resolution program at Georgetown University (where he still teaches). He has led trainings, workshops and consultancies in over 20 countries organizations including with USIP, USAID, CRS, Rotary International and others. Craig is a recognized leader in the social sector field. He has received several awards including George Mason’s School of Conflict Analysis and Resolution’s alumni of the year award and an alumni career achievement award from Central European University. Dr. Zelizer spent two years in Hungary as Fulbright Scholar and was a Boren Fellow in Bosnia. He has published widely on peacebuilding, entrepreneurship, and innovation in higher education.
Related Post
Leave a Replay
Recent Posts

Follow Us


40,000 subscribers already enjoy our premium stuff.